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Patellar Tendinitis(Jumper's Knee)

Patellar tendinitis (patellar tendinopathy, Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, also known as jumper's knee), is a relatively common cause of pain in the inferiorpatellar region in athletes. It is common with frequent jumping and studies have shown it may be associated with stiff ankle movement and ankle sprains.
Cause
 

It is an overuse injury from repetitive overloading of the extensor mechanism of the knee. The microtears exceed the body's healing mechanism unless the activity is stopped.Among the risk factors for patellar tendonitis are low ankle dorsiflexion, weak gluteal muscles, and muscle tightness, particularly in the calves, quadriceps muscle, andhamstrings

Syndrome
 

* Pain is the first symptom of patellar tendinitis, usually between your kneecap and where the tendon attaches to your shinbone (tibia).
* An indentation at the bottom of your kneecap where the patellar tendon tore
* Bruising
* Tenderness
* Cramping
* Your kneecap may move up into the thigh because it is no longer anchored to your shinbone
* You are unable to straighten your knee
* Difficulty walking due to the knee buckling or giving way

Treatment & Prevation
 

*  R.I.C.E. - Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation. 

* One of the main ways to prevent OSD is to check the participant's flexibility in their quadriceps and hamstrings. Lack of flexibility in these muscles can be direct risk indicator for OSD. 

* wearing proper knee support.

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