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Osgood-Schlatter 

Osgood–Schlatter disease (also known as apophysitis of the tibial tubercle or OSD) is an inflammation of the patellar ligamentat the tibial tuberosity.] It is characterized by a painful lump just below the knee and is most often seen in young adolescents. Risk factors include overuse (especially in sports involving running, jumping and quick changes of direction) and adolescent growth spurts.
Cause
 
Osgood–Schlatter disease generally occurs in boys and girls aged 9–16  coinciding with periods of growth spurts. It occurs more frequently in boys than in girls, with reports of a male-to-female ratio ranging from 3:1 to as high as 7:1. It has been suggested that difference is related to a greater participation by boys in sports and risk activities than by girls.
Syndrome
 

* Osgood–Schlatter disease causes pain in the front lower part of the knee.
* Intense knee pain is usually the presenting symptom that occurs during activities such as running, jumping, squatting, and especially ascending or descending stairs and during kneeling

Treatment & Prevation
 

*  R.I.C.E. - Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation. 

* One of the main ways to prevent OSD is to check the participant's flexibility in their quadriceps and hamstrings. Lack of flexibility in these muscles can be direct risk indicator for OSD. 

* Exercises to improve the strength of the quadriceps, hamstring and gastrocnemius muscles

* wearing proper knee support.

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